Normal Anatomy of the Knee Joint
The knee is made up of three main bones. The femur or thigh-bone connects the hip joint to the knee joint. The tibia or shin-bone connects the knee joint to the ankle joint. The patella (kneecap) is the small bone in front of the knee and rides along the other bones as the knee bends.
A fracture is a condition in which there is break in the continuity of the bone. In younger individuals these fractures are caused from high energy injuries, as from a motor vehicle accident. In older people the most common cause is a fall due to weak and fragile bone.
Meniscus tear is the commonest a common knee injury in athletes, especially those involved in contact sports. A suddenly bend or twist in your knee cause a traumatic tear. the meniscus to tear. This is a traumatic meniscus tear Elderly people are more prone to degenerative meniscal tears as the cartilage wears out and weakens with age.
Patellofemoral instability means that the patella (kneecap) moves out of its normal pattern of alignment. This malalignment can damage the underlying soft structures such as muscles and ligaments that hold the knee in place.
Arthroscopy of the Knee Joint
Knee Arthroscopy is a common surgical procedure performed using an arthroscope, a viewing instrument, to look into the knee joint for diagnosis or treatment of a knee problem. to diagnose or treat a knee problem. Arthroscopy is a relatively safe procedure and a majority of the patient’s discharge from the hospital can go home on the same day of surgery.
Total Knee Replacement (TKR)
Total knee replacement, also called total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the worn out or damaged surfaces of the knee joint are removed and replaced with artificial parts. The knee is made up of the femur (thigh bone), the tibia (shin bone), and patella (kneecap).
Minimally Invasive Sub-Vastus Knee Replacement
The sub-vastus minimally invasive approach involves much smaller incisions than the usual 10-12 inch incisions used in the traditional knee replacement and spares the quadriceps muscle and tendon, which control bending of the knee, from being cut to access the knee joint. Patients will have the potential to enjoy a faster short term recovery.
Uni condylar Knee Replacement
Unicompartmental knee replacement is a minimally invasive surgery in which only the damaged compartment of the knee is replaced with an implant. It is also called a partial knee replacement.
Revision Knee Replacement
Although total knee replacement surgery is successful, sometimes the procedure can fail due to various reasons and require a second revision surgery. Revision knee replacement surgery involves replacing part or all of your previous knee prosthesis parts with a new parts.
Computer Navigation and Robotic for Total Knee Replacement
Computer navigation provides the surgeon with the real time 3-D images of the mapped patient’s knee and the surgical instruments during surgery. The data for the images is provided by the infrared sensors fixed to the bones of the knee and the surgical instruments. Future technology will enable a the surgeon to use a robotic assisted arm to make the surgery more accurate and efficient.